Title: National Diabetes Prevention
Instructor: National Diabetes Foundation.
Why I Choose to Take This Class:
This class teaches us about Diabetes. Diabetes has affected my family, wife and friends. Knowledge of Diabetes will allow me to prevent it, how to manage it and treatment options.
What I learned from this Class:
Diabetes is a disease that disrupts the body’s ability to use sugar called glucose. Glucose is from Carbohydrate digestions and is the chief sources of energy. Diabetes leads to high concentration of Glucose in the blood it is called Hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia injures blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys and nervous system. Also increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure and Alzheimer disease.
Causes: Two type of Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 Diabetes: Insulin dependent Diabetes results form destruction of Insulin producing cells in the pancreas. The insulin producing cells Beta cells produce insulin, when destroyed the resulting deficiency of insulin causes the level of Glucose to rise in the bloodstream. Type 1 diabetes need insulin injection several times a day to prevent Hyperglycemia.
Type 2 Diabetes: Caused by the combined effects of reduced production of Insulin by the Beta cells and a decrease in the body’s ability to use Insulin, called Insulin resistance. Several factors that contribute to type 2 Diabetes are: obesity, lack of exercise, high Carbohydrate Diet and sedentary lifestyle. Type 2 Diabetes are common among Asian, American Indians, Hispanic and African Americans.
Symptoms: Change in vision, dry skin, weight loss, frequent urination and thirst due to Hyperglycemia. In type 1 Diabetes, symptoms may occur suddenly and severely. When cells cannot use Glucose because of lack of Insulin in Type 1 Diabetes, they breakdown fat to produce Ketones in blood resulting in Ketoacidosis, can lead to nausea, vomiting’s and loss of consciousness. Type 1 Diabetes is fatal unless treatment replaces the missing Insulin. Type 2 Diabetes symptoms may develop over time. In most cases blood sugar rises gradually. But Hyperglycemia slowly damage organs throughout the body.
Treatment: There is no cure for Diabetes. treatment programs usually involves diet and exercise. Patient must monitor the blood Glucose several times a day using portable monitoring devices. Patient with Type 1 Diabetes and some Type 2 Diabetes require Insulin. They inject the Insulin under their skin because Insulin is broken down by digestion if taken orally. Some patient use and external Insulin pump, which administer Insulin to a program schedule. Also used in the Insulin Infusion pump that monitors blood sugar and delivers appropriate dose of Insulin to maintain blood Glucose to normal level. treatments for Type 2 Diabetes aim to reduce the body’s resistance to Insulin. Strategies include losing weight, controlling diet and exercising regularly. Some patient use Insulin or take medications that stimulate their own Insulin producing cell to make more. Other Medication reduce Insulin resistance, lower Glucose production by the liver, or reduce the amount of Glucose absorbed during digestion. Patient wit Diabetes who take Insulin or medication to reduce blood Glucose occasionally risk developing Hypoglycemia. This condition occurs when high levels of Insulin cause Blood Glucose level to drop to a dangerous level. Symptoms of Hypoglycemia includes: confusion, headache, loss of consciousness, nervousness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, shakiness and seizure.
How will this class contribute to my success upon release:
This information can be used by me, family, friends, geriatric and immigrant communities. My volunteer services to teach and mentor them will allow me to pass these knowledge to them. It is my way to repay to society.