Choon Yong-ACE Class Report: US History 1933-1945

Author of Book: Instructor: Rodrigo Santos.
Date Read:

Book Report

ACE Class Report # 59 – US History 1933 – 1945.
Begin: 4/5/2024
Finish: 5/24/2024
Title: US History 1933 – 1945.
Instructor: Rodrigo Santos.

Why I choose to take this class:
History of US from 1933 – 1945, ruing the great depression to the end of 2nd world war. History of this tumultuous era enable us to learn from the past to be a better in the political arena.

What I learned from this class:
Facts in Brief (1030 – 1959)
Herbert Hoover – Republican, 1929 – 1933
Franklin D. Roosevelt – Democrat, 1933 – 1945
Harry S Truman – Democrat, 1945 – 1953
Dwight D Eisenhower – Republican, 1953 – 1961
Important Dates:
1930’s – The United States suffered through the Great Depression.
1933 – President Franklin D Roosevelt began the New Deal Program to end the depression.
1941- 1945 – United States fought in World War II.
1945 – US dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan

Depression and World Conflicts:
The United States suffered through the great depression for more than 10 years, During the depression, millions of workers lost their jobs, and large number of farmers were forced to abandon their farms. At the height of the depression in 1937, about 13 million Americans were out of work, many others had only part time jobs. Farm income declined so sharply that more than 750,000 farmers lost their lands. The dust bowl, the result of a terrible drought on the Western plains, wipeout many farmers. Hundred of thousands of people lost their life savings as a result of Bank Failures. Throughout the depression, many Americans went hungry. People stood in ‘Bread Lines’ and went to ‘soup kitchen’ to get food provided by charities.

Recovery and Reform:
Early in the great depression, Hoover promised that prosperity was ‘just around the corner’, but the depression deepened. As the election of 1932, Democrat choose Franklin D. Roosevelt. In his campaign, Roosevelt promised government action to end the great depression and reform to avoid future depression. He won by a landslide.

Roosevelt’s program for recovery was called the New Deal its provision included: public works projects to provide jobs, relief for farmers, aid to manufacturing firms and regulation to banks. Roosevelt proposed new government agencies to fight the depression that included: civilian conservation corp, work progress administration, the farm credit administration, which extend credit to farmers and the social security board which developed the Social Security system of payment to retired workers and workers with disabilities. The New Deal offered direct aid to the American people. it provided subsidies for farmers, tuition grant for needy students, Public Works jobs for the unemployed, pension for elderly, electric power for rural homes, and food for the desperate and hungry.

The new deal helped relieve the hardship of many Americans. However, hard times dragged on until World War II military spending stimulated the economy.

World War II: Began on September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland. The united Kingdom, France and other countries (called the allies) went to war against Germany. At first the United States stayed out of the war. But on December 7, 1941, Japanese planes bomb Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Th US declared war on Japan on December and Germany Declared war on US. The American people backed the war effort with fierce dedication. 15 million men served in the armed forces. At home, automobile plants and other factories were concerted into defense plants where airplanes, ships, weapons, and war supplies were made. The country had a shortage of civilians, so thousands of women worked in the defense plants. Boys and Girls collected used tin cans, old tires and other junk that could be recycled and used for war supplies.

On may 7, 1945, Germany surrender. Vice President Harry S. Truman had became president after Roosevelt death a month earlier. The allies demanded Japan’s surrender but Japan continued to fight. Truman then made one of the major decision in history. He ordered the use of the Atomic Bomb. The first Atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. A second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, Japan formally surrendered on September 2, 1945 and the war ended.

How will this class contribute to my success upon my release:
This history class enhanced my analytical and critical thinking skills. The lessons learned will hopefully history will not be repeated. The information will be taught to other communities when I volunteer my teaching, tutoring and mentoring services to the communities.