Choon Yong-ACE Class Report # 62: US History 1800-1898

Author of Book: Instructor: Rodrigo Santos
Date Read:

Book Report

ACE Class Report #62: U S History 1800 – 1898.
Begin: 5/30/2024
Finish: 8/17/2024
Title: U S History 1800 – 1898.
Instructor: Rodrigo Santos

Why I choose to take this class:
To learn about US history of the 19th century. To understand how the country was created. How it expanded and conflicts and resolutions to create the United States.

What I learned from This class:
Facts in Brief (1800 – 1898).
George Washington – 1789 – 1797
John Adams – 1797 – 1801
Thomas Jefferson – 1801 – 1809
James Madison – 1809 – 1817
James Monroe – 1817 – 1825
John Quincy Adams – 1825 – 1829
Andrew Jackson – 1829 – 1837
Martin Van Buren – 1837 – 1841
William H Harrison (Whig) 1841
John Tyler (Whig) 1841-1845
James Polk – 1845 – 1849
Zachary Taylor (Whig) 1849 – 1850
Millard Fillmore (Whig) 1850 – 1853
Franklin Pierce – 1853 – 1857
James Buchanan – 1857 – 1961
Abraham Lincoln – 1861 – 1865
Andrew Johnson – 1865 – 1869
Ulysses S. Grant – 1869 – 1877
Rutherford Hayes – 1877 – 1881
James A Garfield – 1881
Chester Arthur – 1881 – 1885
Grover Cleveland – 1885 – 1889
Benjamin Harrison – 1889 – 1893
Grover Cleveland – 1893 – 1897
William McKinley – 1897 – 1901

Important Dates:
1800 – Washington DC – National Capital
1803 – The Louisiana Purchase
1811 – Work began on the National Road Maryland – Illinois
1812 – 1815 – US and UK. Fought the war of 1812.
1825 – Erie Canal open – From Atlantic to Great Lakes
1832 – South Carolina threaten secession over tariff
1837 – Samuel Morse – Invented Telegraph
1846 – UK ceded Southern part of Oregon Country to US
1848 – Victory in Mexican War – Added territories to the West.
1848 – Gold Rush began in California
1861 – 1865 American Civil war
1863 – The Emancipation Proclamation – Freedom for slaves.
1865 – Th e13th Amendment – outlawed slavery in US.
1865 – John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln
1867 – US Bought Alaska from Russia
1879 – Edison invented Incandescent lamp.
1898 – US defeated Spain in the Spanish – American war.

Forming a new nation:
AS a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the new nation (US) controlled all of North America from the Atlantic to the Mississippi between Canada and Florida. Spain continued to control the area west of the Mississippi. The original thirteen colonies made up the first 13 states of the United States. Washington DC became the National Capital. The first major action of the Jefferson Presidency, almost doubled the size of the United States. In 1801, Jefferson learned that France has taken over from Spain a large area between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountain called Louisiana. Napoleon 2 sold it to the US (The Louisiana Purchase) for $15 million in 1803. The National Road from Maryland to Illinois, stream of pioneers moved westward along the road. The Lewis and Clark expedition which lasted from 1804 – 1806, mapped much of the Northwest Wilderness. In the war of 1812 UK interference with the US shipping and supplied weapons to Tecumseh to stop the Westward expansion. The Treaty of Ghent Signed in 1814 ended the war. From 1820 to 1850, US grew greatly in land, population and wealth. In 1850 the Chinese immigrants began to arrive on the West Coast. US annexed Texas from Mexico in 1845. Oregon country cession 1847 by the British. The Mexican War in 1846 where the US defeated Mexico. Th treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848 gave the US a vast stretch of land from Texas West to the Pacific and North to Oregon. The nation then extended Coast to Coast. In 1848 gold was discovered in Sutter’s Mill in California. As settlers moved Westward, they took large tracts of the lands that belong to the Indians. According to the belief of the Manifest Destiny of the US has the right to take all of North America. For many Manifest Destiny justified the idea that white Americans were superior to Indians and Mexicans. President Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the tribes in the East would trade their land for other land in the West.

In December 20, 1860, before Lincoln took office, six states seceded from the Confederate states of America: South Carolina, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana and Mississippi. And in 1861, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia joined the Confederacy. The American Civil war began on April 12, 1861 and lasted until May 26, 1865. The Emancipation Proclamation declared freedom for all slaves in confederate held territory. In 1865 the 13thh Amendment outlawed slavery throughout the United States. In the 1800’s the US Railroad system became a Nationwide Transportation network, from 9,000 miles in 1850 to 200,000 miles in 1900. In 1869 – Ogden, Utah to complete the world’s first Transcontinental Railroad system that linked the United States, coast to coast. Th railroad help open the west to settlers. At the same time steam engine boats help transportation on rivers an the Great Lakes. The Gadsden Purchase of 1853, US paid Mexica $10 Million for part of Arizona and New Mexico. The Alaskan Purchase of 1867 US paid Russia $7.2 Million for Alaska. The Hawaiian Annexation of 1898 – Annexation of Hawaiian Islands. The Victory in the Spanish – American war of 1898 set the United States on the road towards becoming a world power. The war lasted a year. In the Battle of Manila Bay, US Defeated the Spanish Fleet in Philippines. The Treaty of Paris Dec. 10, 1898 ended the war. US received Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines from Spain.

How will this class contribute to my success upon release:
US History is important to understand how the country was created, expanded, conflicts, resolution and becoming a world power. This class help improve my analytical and critical thinking skills. The knowledge acquired will be taught to other immigrant communities which I hope to volunteer my teaching, tutoring and mentoring services.