Journal Entry: Wednesday, May 8, 2024

Journal Entry

Post Conviction Litigation

Navigating the Legal Labyrinth: Preparing for Post-Conviction Litigation from Federal Prison

The prospect of spending time in federal prison can intensify feelings of fear and anxiety. I remember when authorities arrested me. I was 23 years old. As the federal agents drove me to a federal detention center, they told me that I faced the possibility of life in prison. My name is Michael Santos, and since I’d never been incarcerated before, I didn’t know how to process the information.

Unfortunately, I hired a lawyer who told me what I wanted to hear rather than what I needed to hear. Not understanding the system, I proceeded through trial, even though I knew I was guilty. A federal judge sentenced me to 45 years. While serving that term, I learned how much I didn’t know. 

For example, I didn’t know anything about post-conviction litigation. While serving my term in prisons of every security level, I spent a lot of time learning. It turns out that many people in federal prison don’t understand post-conviction litigation.

To navigate the path through prison effectively, a person should develop fluency with the legal process, including post-conviction litigation. The following guidance will offer a place for people to start.

Understand Your Legal Options:

Post-conviction relief can take various forms, including appeals, habeas corpus petitions, and motions for a new trial. Each option has specific requirements and deadlines, so it’s crucial to understand which avenue is most appropriate for your case. Research and familiarize yourself with legal terms and procedures related to post-conviction relief.

At the time that I went into the system, laws were different. A person in federal prison could file a Rule 35 Motion. With that motion, a person could ask a federal judge to reconsider the sentence, provided the person made the request within 120 days of the term becoming final. Since then, laws have changed. Now, only a federal prosecutor can move the Court through a Rule 35 Motion. 

If people understand the legal system, they will learn that the laws existing today may change over time. It’s incumbent upon each person to develop a strategy today that will put him or her in the best possible position to seize opportunities later.

Access Legal Resources:

Federal prisons typically provide access to law libraries, which can be invaluable in your preparation. Utilize these resources to research previous cases similar to yours, understand relevant laws, and study successful legal arguments. Books and legal journals can also offer insights into crafting your legal strategy.

Before going inside, a person should read the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 28 Section 500. The Bureau of Prisons bases its policy statements on that section of the CFR, and a person who anticipates post-conviction litigation should have some fluency with those administrative laws.

Document Your Case Thoroughly

Gather and organize all documents related to your case, including trial transcripts, evidence, and previous legal filings. Detailed documentation is essential for identifying potential grounds for appeal or other forms of post-conviction relief. 

Build a Support Network

Having a support network outside prison can be a significant asset. Family, friends, or advocates can assist in gathering documents, conducting research, or communicating with legal representatives on your behalf. Their support can be both practical and emotional.

Prepare Written Submissions Carefully

If you are drafting your own legal documents, pay close attention to detail. Legal documents must adhere to specific formats and procedural rules. Errors or omissions can result in your case being dismissed. Be clear, concise, and factual in your writing.

Stay Informed and Adaptable

Legal processes can be lengthy and unpredictable. Stay informed about the progress of your case and be prepared to adapt your strategy as needed. Keep up with any changes in the law that might affect your case.

Before filing any post-conviction motions, make sure that you read and understand the Prison Litigation Reform Act. That law passed while I served my sentence, and it made post-conviction litigation much more difficult for people in prison. The law requires people to exhaust administrative remedies before they can bring certain cases to federal court. 


Preparing for post-conviction litigation from federal prison is a challenging but potentially rewarding endeavor. It requires diligence, patience, and a proactive approach to legal education and strategy. By understanding your options, accessing resources, seeking professional advice, and meticulously preparing your case, you can effectively navigate the complexities of the legal system post-conviction.

Critical Thinking:

  • Describe the efforts you have made to prepare yourself for post-conviction litigation?