Choon Yong-ACE Class Report-US History 19th Century

Author of Book: Instructor: Rodrigo Santos
Date Read:

Book Report

ACE Class Report – US History 19th Century
Begin: 12/30/2023
Finish: 3/20/2024
Title: US History 19th Century
Instructor: Rodrigo Santos

Why I choose to take this class:
To learn about US history in the 19th century, so I could understand how the country was created. How it expanded its territories and conflicts and resolutions to create the United States.

What I learned from this class:
As a result of the Treaty of Paris 1783, the new Nation (US) controlled all of North America from the Atlantic to the Mississippi between Canada and Florida. Canada remained British Territory. Britain return Florida to Spain. Spain continued to control the area west of the Mississippi. the original thirteen colonies made up the first 13 states of the United States. Washington DC became the national capital. The first major action of the Jefferson Presidency almost doubled the size of the united States. In 1801, Jefferson learned that France has taken over from Spain a Large area between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountain called Louisiana. Napoleon I sold it to the US ( The Louisiana Purchase) for $15 Million in 1803. The national road from Maryland to Illinois, stream of pioneers moved Westward along the road. The push Westward continued until the nation stretched from Coast to Coast. The Lewis and Clark expedition which lasted from 1804 – 1806, mapped much of the vast Northwest wilderness. They travelled almost 7700 miles from St. Louis, Missouri to the Pacific Northwest. US annexed Texas from Mexico in 1845. The Oregon Country Cession 1846 by the British. The Mexican war in 1846 where the US defeated Mexico. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in February 2, 1848 gave the United States a vast stretch of land from Texas West to the Pacific and North to Oregon. the nation then extended from coast to coast. In 1848, gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill in California. From 1845 – 1860 more than 100,000 immigrants arrived each year, many more came because it was easier to buy farms in the growing West than in Europe. AS settlers moved westward, they took over large tracts of lands that belonged to Indians. President Jackson passed the Removal Act of 1830, the tribes in the East would trade their lands for other lands in the West. In December 20, 1860, before Lincoln took office, six states seceded to form the Confederate States of America: South Carolina, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana and Mississippi. And in 1861: Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia seceded to join the Confederacy. the American Civil war began on April 12, 1861 and lasted until May 26, 1865. the Emancipation Proclamation declared freedom for all slaves in Confederate held territory. In 1865 the 13th Amendment outlawed slavery throughout the Untied States. In the 1800’s the US Railroad system became a nationwide transportation network from 9000 miles in 1850 to 200,000 miles in 1900. In 1869, Ogden, Utah to complete the world’s first Transportational Railroad System that linked the United States, coast to coast. The railroad helped open the West to settlers. The Gadsden Purchase of 1853, US paid Mexico $10 million for part of Arizona and New Mexico. The Alaska purchase of 1867, US paid Russia $7.2 Million for Alaska. the Hawaii annexation of 1989 – annexation of the Hawaiian Islands. The Victory in the Spanish – American war of 1898 set the US on the road towards becoming a world power. The war lasted a year. In the Battle of Manila Bay US defeated the Spanish Fleet in the Philippines, as such, Puerto Rica, Cuba, Philippines, Guam were ceded from Spain to the US.

How will this class contribute to my success upon release:

US History is important to understand how this country was founded. It improves my analytical and critical thinking skills. The knowledge acquired in this History lesson will be conveyed and taught to others when I volunteer my teaching, tutoring and mentoring skills in the communities.